Page Title: Webdesign aus Potsdam - Ingo Pahl - Barrierefreies Webdesign
October 09, 2016 06:15

Replace b and i elements


Severity Action
no actions


Rule ID HTML 1
Definition strong, em or in some cases h1-h6 heading elements must be used instead of b and i elements.
  • In inline formatting use, the b and i elements do not convey the semantics of the text content.
  • The b and i elements are often misused for emphasizing words in a sentence, or to change the styling of content being used as a section header in the page.
WCAG Success Criteria

4.1.1 Parsing (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Styling/Content
Scope Element
Target Resources b and i elements
  • b
  • i
  • If a b element is being used in a sentence for emphasizing a word or phrase, replace it with the strong element.
  • If an i element is being used in a sentence for emphasizing a word or phrase, replace it with the em element.
  • If a b or i element is being used to style a section heading, replace it with an h1-h6 heading element, depending on the level of heading needed in accordance with the structure of the page.
Informational Links

Element Results

Element Identifier Result Element Position Message

Column Definitions

Element Identifier
Information about the element associated with the result.
The information typically includes the tag name, accessible name or other information related to the rule requirements.
"Page" means that the result applied to the page. For example, the rule "One main landmark on the page" is a page level rule.
Element Position
The element position is based on the DOM order of elements in the page.
The element position maybe useful in helping to locate a specific element on the page evaluated (e.g smaller numbers are typically toward the beginning of a page and larger numbers typically toward the end of a page).
Element position 1 is the first element.
The highest element position is the last element.
Element position values for most rule/page results will not be consecutive since a rule only applies to a sub set of elements found on a page.