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August 14, 2022 00:11

Link text must be unique


Severity Action
Warning Change the accessible names or add ARIA-DESCRIBEDBY attributes to the 4 A, AREA or [ROLE=LINK] elements to provide additional information that makes each accessible name or description unique.


Rule ID Link 2
Definition Links with different hrefs must have unique accessible names or descriptions.
  • Screen reader programs provide commands that list all links on a page by their accessible names. When links are taken out of their page context and placed in the context of such a list, links with the same accessible name appear to refer to the same informational resource.
  • When links that point to different URLs have the same accessible name or description, screen reader users may be unable to determine which link among them references the information they are seeking.
WCAG Success Criteria

2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Links
Scope Element
Target Resources a and area elements and elements with role="link"
  • [role=link]
  • a
  • area
  • The link text (i.e. its accessible name and/or description) should uniquely describe the target of a link.
  • Use the aria-label, aria-labelledby or title attribute to provide a more descriptive accessible name when the text content of the link cannot be changed.
  • Use aria-describedby to provide additional information for links that share the same accessible name but have different contexts to allow users to differentiate among them.
Informational Links

Element Results

Element Identifier Result Element Position Message

Column Definitions

Element Identifier
Information about the element associated with the result.
The information typically includes the tag name, accessible name or other information related to the rule requirements.
"Page" means that the result applied to the page. For example, the rule "One main landmark on the page" is a page level rule.
Element Position
The element position is based on the DOM order of elements in the page.
The element position maybe useful in helping to locate a specific element on the page evaluated (e.g smaller numbers are typically toward the beginning of a page and larger numbers typically toward the end of a page).
Element position 1 is the first element.
The highest element position is the last element.
Element position values for most rule/page results will not be consecutive since a rule only applies to a sub set of elements found on a page.