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August 14, 2022 00:11

Consistent h1 and h2 page section labels


Severity Action
Manual Check Verify that the accessible names of H1 and H2 elements used to identify recurring page sections are consistent with those on all other pages within the website.


Rule ID Navigation 5
Definition Consistent accessible names for h1 and h2 elements that identify recurring page sections common across all pages in a website.
  • One of the fundamental features of the web is the provision of easy access to useful information. Consistent accessible names of h1 and h2 elements used to identify recurring page sections common across all pages in the website will make it easier for people to find information they are seeking and to navigate between and within pages.
WCAG Success Criteria

3.2.4 Consistent Identification (Level AA, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Site Navigation
Scope Website
Target Resources h1 and h2 elements used to identify recurring page sections within a website
  • h2
  • Use h1 elements to identify the main content within a page.
  • Use h2 elements to identify other major sections within pages, e.g. navigation bars, web site search forms, footer information, etc.
Manual Checks
  • View the h1 and h2 heading structure of the page, and verify that it has the same relative order as other pages within the website
Informational Links

Element Results

Element Identifier Result Element Position Message

Column Definitions

Element Identifier
Information about the element associated with the result.
The information typically includes the tag name, accessible name or other information related to the rule requirements.
"Page" means that the result applied to the page. For example, the rule "One main landmark on the page" is a page level rule.
Element Position
The element position is based on the DOM order of elements in the page.
The element position maybe useful in helping to locate a specific element on the page evaluated (e.g smaller numbers are typically toward the beginning of a page and larger numbers typically toward the end of a page).
Element position 1 is the first element.
The highest element position is the last element.
Element position values for most rule/page results will not be consecutive since a rule only applies to a sub set of elements found on a page.