Page must have h1 element

Definition The page must contain at least one h1 element identifying and describing the main content of the page.
Purpose
  • An h1 heading provides an important navigation point for users of assistive technologies, allowing them to easily find the main content of the page.
  • An h1 heading is often also used in the banner of a web page to identify and describe the website.
  • Home pages of websites often have a variety of "main" sections (e.g. navigation links, news, calendars, ...) that could be considered having somewhat equal potential interest by a visitor, these sections could each be identified using h1 headings.
Required No for HTML4 Legacy Techniques ruleset mapping
WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria

2.4.1 Bypass Blocks (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Headings
Scope Page
Target Resources h1 and body elements
  • h1
Techniques
  • Include an h1 element at the beginning of the main content.
  • The accessible name of the h1 element should describe the main content of the page.
  • The accessible name of the h1 element in the banner of the page, should identify and describe the website.
  • The h1 element should be visible graphically and to assistive technologies. It should not be hidden using CSS techniques.
Informational Links