Data tables must have name

Definition Data tables must have an accessible name to identify the purpose of the table.
Purpose
  • An accessible name for a data table enables people using assistive technologies to identify the purpose of the table and to differentiate among multiple data tables on the same page.
  • Screen readers include table navigation commands and the accessible name will provides context to the table.
Required No for HTML4 Legacy Techniques ruleset mapping
WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria

2.4.6 Headings and Labels (Level AA, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Tables
Scope Element
Target Resources table
  • table
Techniques
  • Use caption element to provide an accessible name for a data table.
  • Use summary attribute to provide an accessible name for a data table.
  • Use title attribute to provide an accessible name for a data table.
  • Use aria-label attribute to provide an accessible name for a data table (NOTE: inconsistent browser/AT support).
  • Use aria-labelledby attribute to provide an accessible name for a data table (NOTE: inconsistent browser/AT support).
  • If the table is not used for tabular data, but instead for layout of content, use the role="presentation" on the table element.
Manual Checks
  • Make sure the the accessible name accurately and succinctly identifies the purpose of the data table.
  • If the table markup is actually being used for laying out content in rows or columns, use role="presentation" on the table element.
Informational Links