navigation landmark: at least one

Rule ID Landmark 3
Definition Each page in a website must have at least one navigation landmark, used to identify website navigation links.
  • Navigation landmarks provide a way to identify groups (e.g. lists) of links that are intended to be used for website or page content navigation.
Required Yes for HTML5 and ARIA Techniques ruleset mapping
WCAG Success Criteria

2.4.1 Bypass Blocks (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Landmarks
Scope Website
Target Resources [role="navigation"] or top-level nav element
  • nav
  • Reserve the navigation landmark for website and page navigation links.
  • Website and page navigation links should be top-level navigation landmarks (i.e. not contained in other landmarks).
  • The nav element or an element with role="navigation" attribute defines a navigation landmark and must be on a container element (e.g., div) for ol and ul elements that contain li elements with links. (This may require adding a container element.)
  • If there is only one navigation landmark on the page, do not use a label.
  • If there is more than one navigation landmark, use the aria-labelledby, aria-label oe title attribute to describe the purpose of the links (e.g., Table of Contents, Site Map, etc.) contained in each.
  • If the same set of links is used in more than one place on a page, use "Copy 1", "Copy 2" ... "Copy N" as a part of the accessible name to make the navigation labels unique and help orient assistive technology users that the group of links is repeated on the page.
Manual Checks
  • A list of links to other pages in the website, or to content sections of the current page, should use a navigation landmark.
  • Verify the links are used for website or page navigation purposes.
  • Verify the labels uniquely identify each set of navigational links.
Informational Links