Consistent labeling of landmarks

Rule ID Navigation 4
Definition Consistent labeling of landmarks across all pages in a website.
  • One of the fundamental features of the web is the provision of easy access to useful information. Consistent labeling of comparable landmark-identified content across all pages of a website will make it easier for people to find information they are seeking and to navigate between and within pages.
Required No for HTML4 Legacy Techniques ruleset mapping
WCAG Success Criteria

3.2.4 Consistent Identification (Level AA, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Site Navigation
Scope Website
Target Resources main, navigation, search, banner, complementary and contentinfo landmarks
  • h2
  • Most pages have sections associated with the main, navigation, banner and contentinfo landmarks in your page templates for the website.
  • If the page includes a website search form, use the search landmark.
  • Landmarks only need labels (using aria-label or aria-labelledby) if there is more than one landmark of the same type on a page.
  • If landmarks have labels, use consistent labeling of the landmarks across all pages within the website.
Manual Checks
  • Verify that the main content of the page is contained within the main landmark.
  • Verify that recurring content at the top of each page is contained within a banner landmark.
  • Verify that website navigational links are contained within navigation landmarks.
  • Verify that recurring content at the bottom of each page is contained within a contentinfo landmark.
  • Verify that if a landmark has a label and there are comparable landmarks on other pages in the website, the labels are the same on each page.
Informational Links