Role must have parent

Rule ID Widget 8
Definition Role must have a required parent role using the HTML DOM structure or the aria-owns attribute.
  • ARIA roles, properties and states describes the features of interactive widgets to users of assistive technologies, especially screen reader users.
  • Roles that are associated with container widgets have important parent/child relationships with other roles.
  • Parent/child relationships are used by assistive technologies for computing the number of items owned by a container and the position of an item (e.g. "third of five links").
  • Container roles are also used by assistive technologies to provide enhanced navigation features for moving between items in lists, tables, grids and treegrids.
  • HTML4 Legacy Techniques (Required)
  • HTML5 and ARIA Techniques (Required)
WCAG Success Criteria

4.1.2 Name, Role, Value (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Widgets/Scripting
Scope Element
Target Resources Role with required parent role
  • Parent roles can be defined using the HTML DOM structure or the aria-owns attribute.
  • Required parent role is a DOM ancestor of the element.
  • Required parent role references the element using the aria-owns attribute.
  • NOTE: HTML DOM parent/child relationships for defining relationships is preferred over the use of aria-owns attribute, since it is less likely to result in authoring errors associated with creating and referencing elements with unique ids.
Informational Links