navigation landmark: at least one

Definition Each page in a website must have at least one navigation landmark, used to identify website navigation links.
  • Navigation landmarks provide a way to identify groups (e.g. lists) of links that are intended to be used for website or page content navigation.
  • HTML5 and ARIA Techniques (Required)
WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria

2.4.1 Bypass Blocks (Level A, Primary Success Criterion)

Rule Category Landmarks
Scope Website
Target Resources [role="navigation"] or top-level nav element
  • nav
  • Reserve the navigation landmark for website and page navigation links.
  • Website and page navigation links should be top-level navigation landmarks (i.e. not contained in other landmarks).
  • The nav element or an element with role="navigation" attribute defines a navigation landmark and must be on a container element (e.g., div) for ol and ul elements that contain li elements with links. (This may require adding a container element.)
  • If there is only one navigation landmark on the page, do not use a label.
  • If there is more than one navigation landmark, use the aria-labelledby, aria-label oe title attribute to describe the purpose of the links (e.g., Table of Contents, Site Map, etc.) contained in each.
  • If the same set of links is used in more than one place on a page, use "Copy 1", "Copy 2" ... "Copy N" as a part of the accessible name to make the navigation labels unique and help orient assistive technology users that the group of links is repeated on the page.
Manual Checks
  • A list of links to other pages in the website, or to content sections of the current page, should use a navigation landmark.
  • Verify the links are used for website or page navigation purposes.
  • Verify the labels uniquely identify each set of navigational links.
Informational Links